They may arise due to spontaneous mutations or may be inherited from the parents. The current article provides a list of such genetic diseases and disorders. New Biology and Genetic Diseases: 9780195647693: Medicine & Health Science Books @ Amazon.com A genetic disorder is a health problem caused by one or more abnormalities in the genome.It can be caused by a mutation in a single gene (monogenic) or multiple genes (polygenic) or by a chromosomal abnormality.Although polygenic disorders are the most common, the term is mostly used when discussing disorders with a single genetic cause, either in a gene or chromosome. Genetic testing is a type of health program that involves the identification of any changes in genes, chromosomes, and proteins.
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