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In 1925 Einstein predicted that at low temperatures particles in a gas could all reside in the same quantum state. This peculiar gaseous state, a Bose-Einstein condensate, was produced in the laboratory for the first time in 1995 using the powerful laser cooling methods developed in recent years. These condensates exhibit quantum phenomena on a large scale, and investigating them has become one of the most active areas of research in contemporary physics. The study of Bose-Einstein condensates in dilute gases encompasses a number of different subfields of physics, including atomic, condensed matter, and nuclear physics. The authors of this textbook explain this exciting new subject in terms of basic physical principles, without assuming detailed knowledge of any of these subfields. This pedagogical approach therefore makes the book useful for anyone with a general background in-Physics, from undergraduates to researchers in the field. Chapters cover the statistical physics of trapped gases, atomic properties, the cooling and trapping of atoms, interatomic interactions, structure of trapped condensates, collective modes, rotating condensates, superfluidity, interference phenomena, and trapped Fermi gases. Problem sets are also included in each chapter.
ISBN -521-66194-3, ISBN -521-66580-9 paper Since the 1995 discovery of Bose- Einstein condensation in atomic gases, the field of degenerate quan-tum gases has expanded incredibly. Even after eight years and the award of a Nobel Prize, new frontiers in ...
Bose-Einstein Condensation in Dilute Atomic Gases A.
Pethick and Smith provide a unified introduction to the physics of ultracold atomic Bose and Fermi gases for students, experimentalists and theorists alike. This book explains the phenomena in ultracold gases from basic principles, without assuming a detailed knowledge of atomic, condensed matter, and nuclear physics.